What are the CDM Regulations 2015?
The Construction Design and Management Regulations 2015, also known as CDM Regulations or CDM 2015, are regulations governing the way construction projects of all sizes and types are planned and managed.
CDM 2015 aims to ensure health and safety issues are appropriately considered during the development of construction projects. The overall goal is to reduce the risk of harm to those who have to build, use and maintain structures.
The key to the regulations is the COMMUNICATION, COLLABORATION AND COOPERATION between ALL parties involved to ensure Health and Safety is managed throughout the project and in-use.
The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 – Further information
Managing health and safety in construction – Guidance on Regulations L153 – Further information
What is ‘Construction Works’ under CDM 2015?
Definition of ‘Works’
- “the construction, alteration, conversion, fitting out, commissioning, renovation, repair, upkeep, decoration or other maintenance (including cleaning which involves the use of water or an abrasive at high pressure, or the use of corrosive or toxic substances), de-commissioning, demolition or dismantling of a structure”, and
- (e) “the installation, commissioning, maintenance, repair or removal of mechanical, electrical, gas, compressed air, hydraulic, telecommunications, computer or similar services which are normally fixed within or to a structure.”
However, in a published Q&A an HSE spokesman stated that:
“General maintenance of fixed plant which mainly involves mechanical adjustment, replacing parts or lubrication is unlikely to be construction work”
CDM 2015 makes an important distinction between projects with a single contractor (‘one-man band’ e.g. an electrician/decorator etc.) or multiple contractors (involving multiple trades and a Main Contractor).
What are the Client’s duties under CDM 2015?
For all projects, commercial clients must make suitable arrangements for managing their project including:
- Appoint Project Roles — If more than one contractor is working on the project, the client will need to appoint principal designers and principal contractors. This needs to be done in writing, otherwise, the client will remain legally responsible for the principal contractor and principal designer duties.
- Prepare a Client Brief — This is used to communicate the expected standards and project requirements to the project team.
- Allow Sufficient Time and Resources — Clients are required to allow contractors sufficient time and resources to complete the project safely.
- Provide Existing Pre-Construction Information — to Designers and Contractors e.g.previous H&S file, boundaries and access, existing structures, site security or health hazards, constraints and expectations etc.
- Ensure welfare provisions are in place before the start of the project.
- Notify the HSE through the form F10 — For notifiable projects.
- Ensure all duty holders comply with their duties, and maintain and review management for the duration of the project.
For domestic clients, the duties of the Client automatically pass on to the Contractor (single contractor project) or Principal Contractor (multiple contractors). The Client can also appoint the Architect as Principal Designer.
HSE – Commercial clients: roles and responsibilities – Further information
CITB – Industry guidance for Clients – Further information